Throughout January and February academics have held a series of talks providing insights into key areas that are likely to be affected by Brexit covering immigration, migration, banking, sovereignty and agriculture and food. You can find more information about the events here.
Brexit briefing sessions
In January, law firm, Pinsent Masons hosted Brexit briefing sessions for colleagues across the College. The meetings provided an opportunity for colleagues to ask questions and receive professional guidance. You can view the briefing through Moodle and review the slides.
Update from UUK on EU exit negotiations and their next steps
The UUK have updated us on the actions they are taking to represent the interests of the higher education sector, they welcomed the progress reached through December’s agreement on the UK’s exit from the EU, which provides much needed certainty for EU staff, as well as students and researchers across the UK and Europe.
UUK are now keen to see government act to provide even greater certainty and stability for universities, by;
- supporting the higher education sector in increasing awareness across Europe of the UK’s continued eligibility to participate in certain EU programmes until the end of 2020. This is most urgent for Horizon 2020, as official statistics show a drop in UK participations and collaborations following 18 months of uncertainty.
- confirming that the fee status and loan eligibility of EU students starting a university course in 2019/20, or throughout any post-exit transition period, will not change.
- clarifying that EU students and university staff entering the UK during any post-exit transition period will be able to do so without facing additional barriers, (recognising that Government is already considering a system of registration for new arrivals).
Political engagement and developments
The recent cabinet reshuffle saw a new Education Secretary and Ministers in higher education, immigration, Brexit and trade. Suella Fernandes MP joined rather than replaced a member of the ministerial team at the Department for Exiting the European Union while Robin Walker MP remains the minister who will lead on higher education issues. UUK has stressed the valuable engagement the sector has experienced through the High-Level Stakeholder Forum on EU exit, universities and research, urging the Minister to maintain this forum under his leadership. Greg Clark remains as Secretary of State at the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) with Cabinet-level responsibility for research and innovation and a seat on the Brexit sub-committee. Also, with potential impact on Brexit issues, Caroline Nokes MP was appointed Immigration Minister while Graham Stuart MP takes over from Mark Garnier as Trade Minister with responsibility for higher education exports. UUK has written to the new ministers highlighting UUK priorities regarding Brexit and to arrange meetings with them as soon as possible to discuss these issues further.
European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
On Wednesday 17 January, the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill completed its progress through the House of Commons and will now move on to be scrutinised by the House of Lords. In addition to removing the ability of EU institutions to legislate for the UK through the repeal of the European Communities Act 1972, this bill establishes mechanisms to retain all current EU law to provide immediate legal certainty as the UK withdraws from the EU. At a later date, Parliament can choose to legislate for changes to this retained EU law as it considers appropriate.
Since its introduction to the Commons, MPs have expressed concerns about different aspects of the bill. Criticisms have been particularly focused on the wide-ranging powers given in the bill for the government to alter primary legislation via statutory instrument – intended to allow easy transposition of EU law and implementation of some parts of the withdrawal agreement – which some say will not receive adequate parliamentary scrutiny. While numerous amendments were voted on during the bill’s passage through the Commons, only one passed: an amendment to Clause 9 intended to secure a ‘meaningful’ vote on the withdrawal agreement.
Framework Programme 9 consultation and development of UUK position
The European Commission published a consultation on EU funds in the area of investment, research & innovation, SMEs and single market on 10 January. UUK will be submitting a position paper on the next Framework Programme (FP9) to this consultation, the key messages of which will be discussed by the UUK Board on 2 February. The position will be based on input received through the UUK members’ survey on the Framework Programme last summer, discussions with the International and Research Policy Networks in September 2017, and a joint UUK-UKRO research manager’s workshop in October 2017. UUK is also feeding evidence and ideas in to the developing the BEISsubmission to the FP9 consultation. The Commission is also expected to publish an informal call for ideas on mission-driven planning in FP9 by the end of January to which UUK will also be responding.
Erasmus+ budget uplift and influencing the successor programme
In January UUK produced an information note regarding the budget uplift available for Erasmus+ Key Action 1. It has been announced that for the 2018 call for applications, the UK’s overall budget has increased significantly to almost €170 million. The budget, specifically for Higher Education student mobility in other Erasmus+ programme countries, has increased by 20%. This budget increase is built into the programme lifecycle and 2017 was the most popular year for Erasmus+ in the UK so far.
In addition to this significant budget uplift, UUK has submitted a paper directly to the European Commission on priority innovations for the Erasmus+ successor programme due to start in 2021. The two priority innovations set out were to make short-term mobility an important component of the successor programme and to improve support for disadvantaged and underrepresented learners. The paper was based upon the answers provided by the sector to UUK’s midterm evaluation of the Erasmus+ programme. Whilst the European Commission is not conducting a specific consultation for Erasmus+ as it is for Framework Programme 9, it has just launched a series of public consultations on the priorities that should be reflected in the next Multiannual Financial Framework including one on “EU Funds in the Area of Values and Mobility”. This includes questions on the current performance and future challenges of the Erasmus+ programme. The consultation opened on 10 January and will remain open until the 8 March 2018.
Settled status for EU nationals
UUK continues to engage with senior officials on the settled status process for EU nationals already in the UK. Before Christmas, there were some positive developments on this front with confirmation that the cut-off date for eligibility for settled status would be the date of EU withdrawal and that individuals with permanent residence would be able to switch to settled status for free. UUK is now involved in discussions with officials to shape the operational structure of the settled status process with the aim of ensuring it is as light-touch as possible, places the minimum burden possible on individual applicants, and does not disadvantage EU staff or students at UK universities.
UK Shared Prosperity Fund
The industrial strategy white paper, published late November 2017, reiterates that the government will ensure that local areas continue to receive flexible funding for their local needs. Following the UK’s departure from the European Union, government will launch the UK Shared Prosperity Fund (UKSPF), and intends to consult this year on the precise design and priorities for the fund. Although UUK do not have a date for the consultation, they are continuing to work with officials at the Cities and Local Growth Unit (a cross-departmental team across Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government and Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy) to help shape the fund. UUK are also active on the European Structural and Investment Funds Growth Programme Board, the official programme monitoring committee for the structural funds programme in England, which the UK Shared Prosperity Fund will follow.
European engagement and delegations
The European Commission and the UK Government have until the European Council summit in March 2018 to negotiate a deal on the transition period. The proposal of the Commission as it stands includes a transition period that would last until December 2020, during which the UK would adhere to all EU rules and regulations as it does now and accept the continuing rule of the European Court of Justice, while losing its formal influence: the voting rights. Trade negotiations are planned to start in March. The future relationship between the EU and UK in higher education and research, including Framework Programme 9and the Erasmus+ successor programme, will be a part of these negotiations. UUK will continue to emphasise the importance of the European programmes to both UK Government officials, as well as to their contacts in the EU.
As a response to the joint report on the Phase 1 agreement, UUK has drafted a briefing on what the agreement means for higher education and research. UUK will distribute it to their European contacts. The briefing is aimed at decreasing the uncertainty the sector faced in the last 18 months and urges European universities and researchers to continue to work with UUK, as there is no change to UK's status in Erasmus+ and Horizon 2020. In 2018, UUK will continue its outreach to other EU Member States and continue to build its presence in Brussels. Three Brussels delegations are planned for 2018 in March, June and October. In addition, three other outbound delegations are planned: a Nordic campaign in March, a delegation to Spain in June and a delegation to Austria and Slovenia in the autumn.
Trade policy and higher education
Universities UK International has recently commissioned the UK Trade Policy Observatory at the University of Sussex to provide further expert recommendations and consultancy regarding how future UK trade agreements and wider trade policy could influence the operating environment for UK universities. UK Trade Policy Observatory authored UUK’s previous report on this topic, entitled ‘Can free trade agreements enhance opportunities for UK higher education?’ This new phase of consultancy will draw on the views of UUK members to inform thinking on trade agreements and higher education, resulting in policy recommendations to be put before the UUK board for review ahead of communication to UK officials later in 2018.